A Triathlete’s Guide to Overcoming Genetics

Even if you want to be the best athlete out there, 60 to 70% of your physical potential is genetically predetermined. You heard me right. Genetics play an important factor, in making a huge difference. If you are aiming for children who will become successful triathletes, go and find someone of the opposite gender who is faster than you and start your courtship!

 

Triathlon Genetics

 

Does it mean we can now hit the snooze button and go to rest since our fate is already predetermined? Absolutely not! Why not now go after that other 40 percent?

Improving the 40%

There are several essential things to be considered when talking about success in endurance sports.

Triathletes who have become successful in their chosen paths generate large amounts of energy through a process called aerobic metabolism. Sprinters need quick bursts of speed and this is achievable with anaerobic metabolism.

The goal of training for a triathlon is to find effective ways of increasing aerobic metabolism. This can be measured by VO2 max test, which can assess the ability of the body to utilize oxygen and make energy when doing intense exercise.

The lactate threshold is more predictive because the level at which we lactate, a product of the metabolism of muscles, cannot be cleared fast enough and fatigue occurs in the muscles.

Cheating a Triathlete’s Genetics

Athletes can achieve their physiological potential by executing several main workout patterns at the correct frequency. Triathletes who want to improve their physiological profile need to work on each factor in different amounts, based on the timing and distance of their target event.

1)    Endurance training: Endurance training is essential in balancing and improving the time on the bike, road and in the pool. Long workouts at the right intensity are the best way of building your endurance as an athlete. It should be done all throughout the year, and especially when the race season begins.

2)    Tempo training: Once you have built your endurance, the next thing that you need to improve on is tempo, which basically consists of moderately sustained efforts at moderately high intensities. In doing so, you are also increasing your lactate threshold.

3)    Interval training: Some hate it, some love it. Intervals are only short, repeated high intensity workouts that will increase your aerobic capacity, fatigue resistance and speed. Because of the discomfort it can cause, a lot of triathletes do not perform interval training.

4)    Circuit training: Speed can be improved by strengthening the muscles, so that more force will be generated. Regular strength training is essential when training for triathlons, because it makes the muscles physiologically efficient, and better at absorbing joint loading force from all the exercise and training done before a race.

Always pay regular attention the techniques that were given, and combine them with the proper nutrition and body awareness.

Good luck!

Terry

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