There is an art to competitive swim training that is made up for not only for meets, but also the skill levels of the swimmers, but there are a variety of different swimming strokes and types of swimming that are part of the swim world.
Swimmers many times will specialize in particular strokes, much like other athletes will specialize in different positions in other fields.
But swimmers also compete in other competitions as well to make sure they are able to stay competitive in the sport.
There are many different strokes along with a variety of each of the strokes as well. This particular lesson will help cover the basic, most well-known and most-used strokes to help give you a general sense of the ones you should consider being proficient in for competing.
You will want to integrate as many of the swimming strokes into the training plan and warm ups as possible.
You are going to become a better and faster triathlon swimmer if you are familiar with these different techniques even if you only use one particular stroke for the race. It will help make the training schedule more interesting and appealing if you have a larger variety to pick from.
The Butterfly Stroke is one of the most exhausting and even the most difficult one to do. You will start in the prone position while using the dolphin kick with your feet while the arms have the windmill motion.
During competitions you are not allowed to use both arms in unison or swim underwater, which makes this stroke that much more difficult.
The Breast Stroke will also start in the prone position while involving a frog like kicking that will alternate with an arm movement that is to go from a point in front of the head to a shoulder level.
The arm and feet movements will need to happen simultaneously. During the competition a swimmer has to keep their head about the water at all time.
The Crawl must start in the prone position and will alternate over arm strokes along with a flutter kick. The head needs to remain in the water and the face will alternate from one side to the other side.
The Side Stroke will be similar although it involves using a forward underwater stroke while the body is on one side and a scissor kick that is used for propulsion.
The Trudgen, which happens to be named after an English speed swimmer who uses an alternative over arm stroke while using the prone position and then a scissor kick while the head of the swimmer remains to one side.
The Freestyle refers to the ability to use any stroke or position, but can only be used competitively for the fifteen meter race.
The Back Stroke can only be used in competition for the fifteen meter and uses alternating the over the head arm stroke while using a flutter kick from the supine position.
Then the Dog Paddle is one of the easiest of all strokes and many times taught to the first time swimmers as a way to stay afloat as well.
This is done by achieving using arms underwater in a forward motion for a balance and then using a flutter kick to stay afloat.
Note: When talking about competitions during this article about swimming strokes, I am referring to swim competitions. But you could easily take these same ideas and put them into your triathlon and trainings and races.